The Sierra del Rosario form part
of the chain of Guaniguanico's mountains in Pinar del Río. El
Pan de Guajaibón, is the highest part of the mountains and the
occidental part of Cuba.It stand 699m. One part is considered
as a reserve fund by the UNESCO. It has 25000 Km. Most of the
area is covered by a tropical wood that in some zones can reach
It is normal to find semideciduous,
woods, as soon as many shrubby and herby association with a
34% of endemic species. The fauna is abundant, diverse and important
for some species. More than 50 species of birds have been reported,
such as: Cuban nighttingales and woodpickers. There you can
also find some reptiles: such as ophidia, saurians and the turtle
(psedemys decussata) that live in little ponds, rivers and rivulets
the water lizard is one of the endemic specie of the "La Sierra
Horizonte Soroa Valley
Soroa high-road Km8, Candelaria,
Pinar del Rio.Very close to the Valley you can find the place
in which the orchids can be found the waterfall and the Soroa
belvedere. The orchid place is the biggest in Cuba and has 700
species among them 250 are Cubans, such as , ferns, begonias.
Valley of Viñales:
The Valley of Viñales is one of
the most attractive areas in Cuba; it is part of the Sierra
of the Organs, located in the mountain range of Guaniguanico.
There you will find different types of calcareous soils, slates,
schist's and sandstones. In the drier areas, the hummocks contrast
surprisingly for their height, rounded summits and the uprightness
of their hillsides. The Valley because of its beauty and extension
is the most outstanding exponent among the existing groups of
carsic valleys. Represented in their interior are numerous hummocks.
There is a great quantity of caves, among those that stand is
the Cave of the Indian, and the cave system of great caves Santo
Tomás. In Viñales, palms, caduceus leaved trees, very woody
bushes and some carnose plants represent the most authentic
vegetation of hummocks of the country. The hummocks have such
a density of endemic plants that they are comparable with few
other areas in Cuba. They have a marked site endemism; among
the endemic plants of Cuba, most prominent are the Ceibón (Bombax
emarginatum), Small Sierra Palm (Trinax microcarpa), the Caiman
Oak (Tabebuia calcicola) and in some areas the endemic fossil
plant of Cuba: the Cork Palm.(Microcycas culocoma). The Fauna
also has an apparent endemism. The molluscs show exclusive forms
in one or more hummocks, among the most prominent are the genus
Zachrysia, Liguus and Viana. Among the birds the following are
in the area: the Cuban emerald, the Cuban trogon, the cartacuba,
the nightingale and the Cuban grass quit of the pine grove.
Horizontes Los Jazmines
Carretera de Viñales km 25, Pinar del Río.
Horizontes La Ermita
Carretera La Ermita km 2, Viñales, Pinar del Río.
Horizontes Hotel Rancho San Vicente
Valle de San Vicente, Viñales, Pinar del Río.
Visit this area via www.gocubaplus.net